Understanding and history of Indonesian Batik
Understanding Batik is a pictorial cloth and process of making it specifically in the picture or imprinting a motif on a cloth that is still empty, and then through a special process so that it has the characteristic of the fabric. Indonesian Batik, the technique, technology, and the develop of related motifs and cultures, by UNESCO designated as the Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Nonbendawi (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since 2 October 2009.
The Origin of Batik Judging from history, the origin of batik dates back to the 17th century AD. At that time, the style has painted of batik on the leaves of the lotor and the boards of traditional Javanese houses. Initially, batik patterns or motifs were only dominated by pictures of plants or animals. Batik craftsmen are also still very limited in number. They only make batik patterns as a manifest of an art and fad want to do their free time.
In its development, the origin of batik began to attract attend the majestic Majapahit kingdom. Abstract motifs, temple motifs, clouds, wayang beber, and so on began the developed at that time. Writing batik also began the for different media. White cloth or bright-colored fabrics are the first choice because they are consider more durable and be used for more use.
The popularity of batik cloth is increasingly shining. The dignitaries of the Majapahit kingdom, Mataram, Demak, and later kingdoms, made batik cloth a cultural symbol. Especially during the period of Islamic influence, batik motifs in the form of animals were eliminated. The use of this motive is considered to violate Islamic law so that it is not permitted except by disguising it using other paintings.
The origin of batik is also inseparable from technological developments. In the past the technique of batik was the only way that could be done to make batik motifs, after World War I or after modernization had mushroomed, the technique of printed batik and batik printing began to be known. The two techniques of batik are themselves considered to be very efficient batik techniques and do not take much time, although in quality they are considered to lack aesthetic value.
The history of the development of batik does not stop there. In the present era, batik is not only known as a clothing style. Various accessories complementary appearance in everyday life such as bags, shoes, ties, to helmets, also have used batik as a motif. In fact, school clothes, service, and so on also use this motif as the main choice.