International Organization for Standardization is an international standard resident entity consisting of representatives from the national standardization bodies every country. At first, the abbreviation of the name of the institution is the IOS, not ISO. So it doesn’t have a ring to it, like most acronyms do. Hence, it’s made an abbreviation. But now more often use ISO abbreviation, as in Greek isos meaning equal. This usage can be seen in the word isometric or isonomi.
Founded on February 23, 1947, the ISO sets standards of industrial and commercial world. ISO, which is an international non-profit organization, originally formed to create and introduce international standardization for anything. Standards that should be familiar include the standard type of film photography, the size of a phone card, bank ATM card, the size and thickness of paper and more. In setting a standard they invited representatives from 130 countries members to serve on the Technical Committee (TC), Sub Committee (SC) and Working Groups (WG).
Although ISO is a nongovernmental organization, its ability to set standards that often become law through consent or national standards makes it more powerful than most non-governmental organizations, and in practice the ISO into a consortium with strong links with the government parties. Participants include the ISO national standards bodies from every state and large corporations.
ISO collaborates with the International Electromechanical Commission (IEC), which is responsible for the standardization of electronic equipment.
Implementation of ISO in an enterprise is useful for:
• Improve company image
• Improving the environmental performance of the company
• Improve the efficiency of activities
• Improving the management of the organization to implement the planning, implementation, measurement and corrective action (plan, do, check, act)
• Improving the arrangement of the provisions of the legislation in terms of environmental management
• Reduce business risk
• Improving the competitiveness of
• Improve internal communication and good relations with the various interested parties
• Getting the trust of customers / partners / investors